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Quick Guide for Faculty and Researchers

Frequently Asked Questions

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What is an Intellectual Property?


An Intellectual Property or IP is a creation of the human mind, to which the creator has rights to. Inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, symbols, names and images used in commerce, and software are all IPs.

What is an IP Right?


An IP Right or IPR is the right attached to your Intellectual Property. It is just like any other property right and is protected by law. Examples of IP Rights are patents, utility models, industrial designs, trademarks, and copyrights.

Why is it important to know my IP Rights?


IP Rights allow the creators to enjoy the moral and economic benefits from their IPs. Knowing your rights will allow you to prevent others from infringing on your rights. Moreover, the owner of the IP Right has the exclusive right to reproduce the IP.

How do I prevent others from infringing on my IP Rights?


It is important that you register your IP Right with the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines. You may also exercise utmost caution in publishing your work. For instance, you may choose to embed your watermark over digital images. For inventions, you may choose to file the patent first before publishing your work, or, if it cannot be helped, you may omit enabling portions of your invention from your publication.

How do I, as faculty and researcher of the University, generate IPs?


As a research university, UP is an important source of knowledge and intellect. Being part of the University, academic personnel are expected to help fulfill UP’s mandate to generate research and creative output, whether through formal research or as a byproduct of the performance of their duties.

Who owns the Rights to the IPs I produce?


In general, the creators of the IPs own the rights, except in some cases. For instance, rights to IPs generated from publicly-funded research and those generated with substantial use of University resources should be assigned to the University. Other exceptions are provided in the 2011 IPR Policy of the UP System.

Who owns the copyrights to my manuscripts and dissertations?


The authors own the copyrights to their manuscripts and dissertations, unless their contract with the University specifies the manuscript as an output of the research (e.g. the research funding was for the development of a children’s book).

If the University owns the rights to the IPs I created, do I lose control over these?


No. The creator retains the moral rights to their IPs and the IP Right owner may not modify the work without the creator’s permission. Moreover, creators are entitled to royalty shares in the event of commercialization of the IP.

I want to protect and register my IP Rights. Who can help me?


The University assists in the registration of IP Rights with the IPOPHL. Please visit the Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Unit of the UP Diliman Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development.

I have an IP and I want to exercise my exclusive right to reproduce and commercialize it. Can the University assist me?


Yes. Please visit the Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Unit of the UP Diliman Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development.

I want to know more about IP and IP Rights. Where can I get more information about the topic?


Please visit the Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Unit of the UP Diliman Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development.

We also recommend the following readings for more information about IP and Technology Transfer in the University:

  • R.A. 8293 otherwise known as the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines
  • R.A. 10055 otherwise known as the Philippine Technology Transfer Act of 2009
  • 2011 Revised Intellectual Property Rights Policy of the University of the Philippines